Health care services in Nepal are provided by both public and private sectors and are generally regarded as failing to meet international standards. Prevalence of disease is significantly higher in Nepal than in other South Asian countries, especially in rural areas. Moreover, the country’s topographical and sociological diversity results in periodic epidemics of infectious diseases, epizootics and natural hazards such as floods, forest fires, landslides, and earthquakes. A large section of the population, particularly those living in rural poverty, are at risk of infection and mortality by communicable diseases, malnutrition and other health-related events. Nevertheless, some improvements in health care can be witnessed; most notably, there has been significant improvement in the field of maternal health. These improvements include:
Human Development Index (HDI) increased to 0.458 in 2011 from 0.291 in 1975.
Mortality rate during childbirth deceased from 850 out of 100,00 mothers in 1990 to 190 out of 100,000 mothers in 2013.
Mortality under the age of five decreased from 136.9 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 39.5 per 1,000 live births in 2015.
Infant Mortality decreased from 97.70[when?] to 29.40 in 2015.
Child malnutrition: Stunting 37%, wasting 11%, and underweight 30% among children under the age of five.
Life Expectancy rose from 58.5 years in 1990 to 68 years in 2012.